« Coronavirus prevention manual. 101 Science-Based Tips That Could Save Your Life »(Skyhorse Publishing) is a book supervised by Wang Zhou, MD, Chief Physician of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention in Wuhan, the Chinese city where it all started. The doctors who were there at the forefront of the epidemic have participated in this guide, which will be interesting for any citizen who wants to access information about the Covid-19 based on the experience of those who first confronted him.
Here are some of the tips in this guide.
How to stay away from the new coronavirus?
-2019-nCoV is transmitted mainly by droplets and contacts, therefore medical surgical masks must be used correctly.
-When sneezing or coughing, do not cover your nose and mouth with bare hands, but use a tissue or mask.
-Wash your hands properly and frequently. Even if viruses are present on the hands, washing hands can prevent viruses from entering the respiratory tract through the nose or mouth.
-Increase your immunity and avoid going to crowded and closed places. Get more exercise and have a regular sleep schedule. Boosting your immunity is the most important way to avoid becoming infected.
-Make sure to always wear the mask! In case you come in contact with an infected person, wearing a mask can prevent them from inhaling virus-carrying droplets directly.
What are the key moments for hand hygiene in daily life?
-When covering cough or sneeze with your hand.
-After caring for a patient.
-Before, during and after preparing food.
-After going to the bathroom.
-After touching animals.
-After touching elevator buttons and door handles or knobs.
-After arriving home from outside.
Can 75% alcohol reduce the risk of 2019-nCoV infection?
Yes. Coronaviruses are sensitive to organic solvents and disinfectants. 75% alcohol, chloroform, formaldehyde, disinfectants containing chlorine, peracetic acid, and ultraviolet rays can inactivate the virus, so cleaning hands and mobile phones with alcohol can prevent COVID-19 infection.
What lifestyle is recommended in the midst of the COVID-19 outbreak?
-Eat daily foods rich in protein, such as fish, meat, eggs, milk, legumes and nuts, maintain an adequate intake based on the daily diet. Do not eat wild meat.
-Eat fresh fruits and vegetables every day and increase the intake according to the daily diet.
-Drink no less than 1500 ml of water per day.
-Have a varied and diverse diet of different types, colors and sources. Eat more than 20 types of food every day. Eat a balanced diet of plant and animal foods.
-Ensure a sufficient intake of nutrition based on the regular diet.
-It is recommended that malnourished older people and patients with chronic degenerative diseases supplement with commercial enteral nutrition solutions (food for special medical purposes) and supplement not less than 2100 additional kJ per day (500 kcal).
-Do not fast or follow a diet during a COVID-19 epidemic.
-Ensure regular rest and a minimum of 7 hours of sleep each day.
-Start a personal exercise regimen with no less than 1 hour of exercise per day. Do not participate in group exercises.
-During a COVID-19 epidemic, it is recommended to supplement with multivitamins, minerals and deep-sea fish oil.
How does smoking and drinking affect your immune system?
Smoking causes an increase in the concentration of nicotine in the blood, which could lead to vasospasm and transient hypoxia in the organs. In particular, decreased oxygen in the respiratory tract and viscera could damage immunity. Drinking too much could damage the gastrointestinal tract, liver, and brain cells, and weaken immunity. It is recommended to quit smoking and limit alcohol consumption.
How to prevent 2019-nCoV infection in the workplace?
Keep the workplace well ventilated. Do not spit in public; You can spit on a tissue and then throw it away when it’s convenient. Cough or sneeze into the tissues while completely covering the nose and mouth. Seal used tissues in a plastic bag before disposing of them immediately in a closed container labeled “residual waste” or “medical waste” to prevent the spread of the virus. Wash hands frequently for personal hygiene; avoid all kinds of social gatherings during the epidemic.
How to prevent the 2019-nCoV infection in elevators?
During the 2003 SARS outbreak, an incidence of infected people was reported after taking elevators with cases. An elevator carries a high risk of transmission due to its confined space. To prevent the spread of 2019-nCoV in elevators, the following steps should be taken:
-Each day should be disinfected thoroughly and regularly several times with ultraviolet radiation, 75% alcohol or disinfectants containing chlorine.
-Minimize the risks of becoming infected by sneezing by taking the elevators alone if possible.
-Wear a mask before entering the elevator. If someone sneezes in the elevator while wearing no masks, cover your mouth and nose with your arm sleeve, measures such as changing clothes and personal cleanliness should be taken immediately afterward.
How to prevent infection with the new coronavirus at home?
-To raise awareness about health and hygiene. Moderate exercises and sufficient and regular rest can increase immunity.
-Maintain good personal hygiene. Cover your nose and mouth with a disposable tissue when you cough or sneeze. Wash your hands frequently and avoid touching your eyes, nose, or mouth with your hands without washing.
-Maintain good hygiene in the rooms, clean the floor and furniture, separate household waste and take out the trash on time.
-Maintain good ventilation. Ventilate every day to let in fresh air.
-Disinfection. Apply disinfectant regularly and mop the floor and clean the surface of the furniture. The new coronavirus is sensitive to ultraviolet rays and heat. Sustained heat at 56 ° C for 30 minutes, 75% alcohol, chlorine-containing disinfectants, hydrogen peroxide and chloroform disinfectants can effectively inactivate the virus.
-Avoid close contact with people who have symptoms of respiratory diseases (such as fever, cough, sneezing, etc.).
-Avoid going to crowded and confined spaces. Wear a mask if you must go.
-Do not eat wild animals. Avoid contact with poultry and wild animals, and do not handle fresh meat from wild animals.
-Keep pets in strict captivity. Get your pets vaccinated. Maintain good hygiene for pets.
-Follow food safety precautions and habits. Eat well-cooked meat and hard-boiled eggs.
-Pay attention to the conditions of your body. Seek medical help immediately in case of symptoms such as fever, cough, etc.
You can continue reading more tips in the « Coronavirus prevention manual. 101 science-based tips that could save your life.