Sunday, April 5, 2020

Africa faces Covid-19: Denis Mukwege goes to the front

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  • Denis Mukwege campaigns for prevention. In a video, the 2018 Nobel Peace Prize laureate stresses “the absence of test centers throughout the country and the means to conduct large-scale screenings on the population, as encouraged by the WHO”. So for the gynecologist, the best way to stop the spread of the virus remains “prevention”. “Each of us must agree to adapt our habits, avoid travel, stay at home, adopt measures of social distancing,” he insists. “We have to prepare for the worst,” because “we have no idea how much will spread” of the coronavirus in the Democratic Republic of Congo. And to conclude: “At Panzi hospital [près de Bukavu, dans l’Est], all our staff are prepared and mobilized for the response. Tuesday evening, the last official assessment reported 48 cases, including 3 deaths and a cure.

  • Almost the entire fleet stopped. “Today, 95% of the African air fleet is grounded due to the pandemic, except cargo flights,” said Abderrahmane Berthé, secretary general of Afraa, which has 45 member companies on the continent, and 85% of inter-African traffic. Many African countries have indeed closed their airports and borders because of the pandemic. The companies therefore had to suspend their flights. But Abderrahmane Berthé warns: “If African airlines do not receive support, they will find themselves in insolvency by the end of June. He estimates that 2.5 to 3 billion dollars (between 2.3 and 2.8 billion euros) are necessary.
  • In Nigeria, the number of cases could “explode”. The country of approximately 190 million inhabitants has officially registered only 51 infections and one death to date. But the authorities are currently looking for 4,370 people. “We urge those who have been in contact with suspected cases to immediately report to the authorities,” Information Minister Lai Mohammed said at a press briefing. “I don’t want to sound apocalyptic. But the truth is that we are in a race against the clock (…) We have a narrow window to stop this pandemic or face an explosion of cases, “he insisted. The country has taken a whole series of measures to try to fight the virus. On the other hand, the confinement of the population seems unlikely, in a country where the majority of the population lives below the poverty line and the informal economy.

Read also Coronavirus in Nigeria: protection kits at “unreasonable” prices

  • The African balance sheet as of March 26. 72 people have died from Covid-19 since the pandemic began on the African continent, the African Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported on Thursday. These deaths have been recorded in 16 countries on the continent. The confirmed positive cases amount to 2,746, and 210 patients have been cured. The most affected countries are South Africa (709 cases of infection), Egypt (456), Algeria (302) and Morocco (225).
  • In Tunisia, workers confined to make masks. Nearly 50 people, most of them workers, have locked themselves up with enough to live in near-self-sufficiency, in order to continue to make masks and protections for caregivers fighting against the new coronavirus. “We are the only ones manufacturing for Tunisian hospitals: we cannot take the risk of contaminating the factory,” director Hamza Alouini told AFP. The factory of his company, Consomed, has become the main production site in the country and one of the most important in Africa for masks, charlottes, sterile suits and other protections. According to local media, the business is overwhelmed with demands. Several health facilities have had to close hospital services in the country in recent days, for lack of suitable equipment.

Read also Covid-19: the time is for total containment in Tunisia

  • Partial containment in Guinea-Bissau. The measure, decided today, was taken after confirmation by President Umaro Sissoco Embalo of two first cases of infection with the new coronavirus in the country. It intervenes after the closing of borders, places of religious worship, schools, commercial sites and the suspension of public transport.
  • Sadio Mané in support of Senegal. While most African stars have shown their support for the fight against the coronavirus with videos and songs posted on social networks, some prefer to get their hands directly to the portfolio. This is the case of the Senegalese striker of Liverpool Sadio Mané, who donated 30 million CFA francs (about 45,000 euros) to the fight against Covid-19 in his country, according to his manager quoted in the media . A financial windfall that will help the State “to do prevention, but also to treat the patients of the pandemic”, explains the Senegalese newspaper Record. As a reminder, the African Golden Ball, just named best player of the season by the British newspaper The Guardian, has already built a school, a hospital, a mosque and a football field in his native village, Bambali.

Read also Football: the African Golden Ball at Sadio Mané!

  • A third death in Ghana. “The three cases who unfortunately died of the disease were elderly and already had medical conditions,” said the Ghana Health Service (GHS), an agency under the Ministry of Health. “All the other 51 cases are fine,” added GHS. Fourteen are cared for at home and the others respond well to the treatment administered to them in isolation. They await their test results and will be released when they are negative. The Tion Institute reiterated that the vast majority of the confirmed cases were Ghanaians who returned home after staying in the affected countries. The seven confirmed cases in nationals are of Norwegian, Lebanese, Chinese, Dutch and British nationality. To date, Ghana has registered 132 cases of Covid-19 on its territory.
  • In Côte d’Ivoire, the Covid-19 has a heavy impact on the rubber sector. The country’s rubber sector, the leading African producer of rubber, will lose 60 billion CFA francs (91 million euros) in turnover every month due to the coronavirus, the president of AFP said on Thursday Association of natural rubber professionals (Apromac), Eugène Kremien. “Today, our main customers in Asia, Europe and America are closed. This will gradually result in a slowdown in the processing activity of natural rubber, or even its cessation, ”he added. Some 160,000 Ivorian producers make a living from latex, which also employs tens of thousands of tappers, the agricultural workers who cut the tree to run the latex.
  • Senegal crosses the bar of 100 positive cases. Senegal registered this Thursday, March 26, 6 new cases positive for Covid-19. These are 5 imported cases and one contact, bringing the total number of positive cases to 105. To stem the epidemic, the country treats, like several other African states, its patients with chloroquine. According to Moussa Seydi, professor at the University Hospital of Fann, quoted by the news agency Apanews, “the results are encouraging”.

Read also Coronavirus: Algeria adopts chloroquine for severe cases

  • Aliko Dangote to the rescue. Africa’s richest man partners with Nigerian bank Access Bank Plc to provide Covid-19 treatment centers. The four future facilities, with a total of 1,000 beds, will be ready in a few weeks, Access Bank said on Thursday in a statement. Chinese experts will be mobilized to treat patients, but also to train Nigerian staff on site. A week ago, Aliko Dangote had already announced donating 200 million naira, through her foundation (500,000 euros) for the fight against the coronavirus in Nigeria, which has registered 51 cases of Covid-19 virus. As a reminder, the billionaire had committed a few years ago about one billion naira in the fight against Ebola in Africa.

    Read also Aliko Dangote in the top 100 of the Bloomberg ranking of billionaires

  • Togo is betting on chloroquine. Like Algeria and Morocco, Togo has decided to integrate chloroquine into its therapeutic protocol in the prevention of Covid-19. However, the molecule will remain under the control of doctors. “Chloroquine will not be sold over the counter,” said Dr. Innocent Kpeto, president of the Order of Pharmacists of Togo. The drug, an antimalarial well known in Africa but subject to controversy in its use against the coronavirus, will therefore be dispensed only on medical prescription.
  • In South Africa, two Covid-19 patients charged with attempted murder. In question ? The two people, originally from KwaZulu-Natal, “moved after being told not to do so,” said Police Minister Bekhi Cele at a press conference. A 52-year-old man, who recently returned from abroad and tested positive for Covid-19, “continued to work in his hair salon,” said police spokesman Vish Naidoo. The second case is a tourist, tested positive while on vacation in Kruger National Park, who ignored orders to stay at his hotel and went to St. Lucia (Northeast) “where he apparently interacted with an unknown number of people. ” The confinement was ordered Monday by President Cyril Ramaphosa, for a period of three weeks.

Read also South Africa and the coronavirus: a race against the clock

  • Mali declares a state of health emergency. “In addition to the state of emergency which prevails in our country because of the security context, the state of health emergency is decreed”, indicated the Malian president Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta Wednesday evening. To combat the Covid-19, a curfew was put in place from this Thursday, from 9 p.m. to 5 a.m. “Mali’s land borders will be closed, except for freight and the transport of goods, in particular basic necessities,” added the head of state. The legislative elections, scheduled for March 29, are however maintained. These measures follow the confirmation, the day before, of two cases of coronavirus on the territory. The threat of the spread of Covid-19 jeopardizes the fragile stability of Mali, which has been plagued by violent conflicts since 2012.
  • Cancellation of polls in Zimbabwe. Unlike Mali or Guinea where the elections were held despite the threat of a spread of the Covid-19, Zimbabwe prefers to suspend the upcoming elections. In a statement, the president of the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission (ZEC) said that “all electoral activities were suspended with immediate effect and until further notice”. A decision made following the statement by President Emmerson Mnangagwa, who called the coronavirus epidemic a “national disaster”. “This suspension affects the conduct of a by-election which was to take place in district 16 of the rural district council of Chiredzi on April 4, 2020, as well as the replacement of any other vacant position likely to arise during this period”, learns- in the document.

Read also Zimbabwe: “Since this coup in November 2017, the situation has gotten worse”

  • Extension of confinement in Djibouti. Djiboutians are expected to stay at home for another week. The announcement was made Wednesday evening by the Minister of Foreign Affairs and government spokesman, Mahmoud Ali Youssouf, after the Council of Ministers. This confinement concerns public and private administration, apart from technical services, water production, electricity, roads and sanitation. The Minister also affirmed that “the government has taken all measures to obtain medical equipment and products to deal with the situation of the Covid-19 pandemic”. Djibouti has so far confirmed 11 cases of coronavirus contamination and no deaths.
  • The Senegalese police are doing their mea culpa. “Excessive intervention”. This Wednesday, the police of Senegal recognized the excesses of some of their units in the interventions related to the respect of the curfew in force. According to the press release, sanctions have been taken against the perpetrators of violence. The day before, videos of police officers using the baton a little too easily had circulated abundantly on social networks, triggering strong reactions from internet users and human rights organizations.

Read also Senegal: the coronavirus at the confluence of politics and religion

  • In Ghana, electronic payments rather than cash. A universal QR code has been launched by the government, to facilitate and prioritize mobile payments. Because for the vice-president of the country, Mahamadu Bawumia, banknotes are one of the routes of transmission of the coronavirus. “Ghana is thus becoming the first country in Africa and one of the few countries in the world to launch a universal QR code,” he said. He added: “The universal QR code will allow all merchants, service providers and institutions to instantly receive payments from bank accounts […] or mobile accounts. “” I urge each merchant or service provider to obtain a universal QR code from their bank, telephone operator or fintech as soon as possible. As of March 25, the country had 68 confirmed cases and two deaths related to the disease.
  • Read also Professor Girard: “The prevention of Covid-19 is not insurmountable”

  • In Mauritania, an emergency plan. To finance the fight against Covid-19, the Mauritanian government will create a national solidarity fund of 25 billion ouguiyas (61 million euros). Nearly $ 5 billion will be spent supporting the 30,000 poorest households in the country, said President Mohamed Ould el-Ghazouani in a speech to the nation on Wednesday evening. The first case of coronavirus in the territory was declared on March 13, on an Australian working in the gold sector. As a result, international air traffic was suspended three days later. Schools, universities and institutes had been closed. A second patient has since been confirmed.

  • Three new cases in Eritrea. According to the Ministry of Health, three passengers disembarked Saturday from Asmara airport and coming from Dubai tested positive for Covid-19. These are Eritrean citizens usually resident in the Emirate. If their condition is considered “satisfactory”, according to the department, all the passengers on the plane were still placed in quarantine. Commercial flights to or from Eritrea are suspended for two weeks, starting today.

  • Read also Africa facing Covid-19: the Moroccan informal sector compensated?

  • Mauritian elected officials will contribute to the solidarity fund. The President of the Republic, Pradeep Roopun, the ministers and deputies of Mauritius will have to contribute up to 10% of their salary. In addition, food will be distributed to 35,000 people today. On the island, where the total curfew is in effect, grocery stores and bakeries will remain closed until March 31.

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