Morena’s parliamentary group presented a series of initiatives in the Chamber of Deputies, emphasizing respect for animals and proposing to guarantee their rights, in addition to the creation of veterinary hospitals.
Via Lorenia Iveth Valles Sampedro, the deputy for District 3 of Hermosillo, Sonora, intends to reform, among others, Article Four of the Constitution.
On behalf of the Morena parliamentary group, he also proposed reforms to Article 115 of the Magna Carta, and in his explanation of reasons he said that it should be understood that people’s health is not just the absence of disease, but a state of well-being physical, mental and social, which makes us interact directly with pets or domestic animals, and we must take care of their health together with us ”.
The reforms are intended to protect domestic animal species from any act or omission of mistreatment or cruelty that torments or annoys them, guaranteeing their well-being, as well as dignified and respectful treatment as sentient, conscious and sensitive beings.
With this step, Mexico is confirmed as part of a select group in the region where governments care about companion animals.
The World Organization for Animal Health recognizes that only four countries in the area have legislation based on the principles of animal welfare: Mexico, Paraguay, Uruguay and Colombia.
The issues that present the greatest deficiencies are the control of stray animals, the use of animals for sports, animal fights and their use in laboratories, circuses and shows.
Proclamation of the Universal Declaration of Animal Rights
Considering that all animals have rights and that ignorance and disregard for these rights have led and continue to lead man to commit crimes against nature and animals, the following is proclaimed:
Item No. 1
All animals are born equal to life and have the same rights to existence.
Item No. 2
a) Every animal has the right to respect.
b) Man, as an animal species, cannot claim the right to exterminate other animals or to exploit them, violating that right. You have the obligation to put your knowledge at the service of animals.
c) All animals have the right to the attention, care and protection of man.
Item No. 3
a) No animal shall be subjected to mistreatment or cruel acts.
b) If the death of an animal is necessary, it must be instantaneous, painless and not generating anguish.
Item No. 4
a) Every animal belonging to a wild species has the right to live freely in its own natural, terrestrial, aerial or aquatic environment and to reproduce.
b) Any deprivation of liberty, even that for educational purposes, is contrary to this right.
Item No. 5
a) Every animal belonging to a species that traditionally lives in the human environment has the right to live and grow at the rhythm and in the conditions of life and freedom that are specific to its species.
b) Any modification of said rhythm or said conditions that was imposed by man for commercial purposes is contrary to said right.
Item No. 6
a) Every animal that man has chosen as a companion has the right that the duration of its life is in accordance with its natural longevity.
b) The abandonment of an animal is a cruel and degrading act.
Item No. 7
All working animals have the right to a reasonable limitation of the time and intensity of work, to a restorative diet and to rest.
Item No. 8
a) Animal experimentation that involves physical or psychological suffering is incompatible with animal rights, whether it involves medical, scientific, commercial experiments, or any other form of experimentation.
b) Alternative techniques must be used and developed.
Item No. 9
When an animal is raised for food, it must be fed, installed and transported, as well as slaughtered, without causing it anxiety or pain.
Item No. 10
a) No animal should be exploited for the entertainment of man.
b) Animal exhibitions and shows that use animals are incompatible with the dignity of the animal.
Item No. 11
Any act that involves the death of an animal unnecessarily is a biocide, that is, a crime against life.
Item No. 12
a) Any act that involves the death of a large number of wild animals is genocide, that is, a crime against the species.
b) Pollution and destruction of the natural environment lead to genocide.
Item No. 13
a) A dead animal must be treated with respect.
b) Scenes of violence, in which animals are victims, must be prohibited in the cinema and on television, except if they are intended to show attacks against animal rights.
Item No. 14
a) The organisms for the protection and safeguarding of animals must be represented at the governmental level.
b) Animal rights must be defended by law, as are human rights.
This statement was adopted by the International League for Animal Rights in 1977, which proclaimed it the following year. Subsequently, it was approved by the United Nations (UN) and by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
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